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Program Description

The Emergency Assistance for Livestock, Honeybees, and Farm-Raised Fish Program (ELAP) provides emergency assistance to eligible producers. The funds cover losses due to eligible weather or other events, like blizzards and wildfires, disease (including cattle tick fever), and water shortages.

The 2018 Farm Bill amended certain provisions effective with the 2019 program year, in short:

  • Removed ELAP from the combined ELAP and LDFP maximum per person and legal entity payment limitation.
  • Provided reimbursement of 90% of the cost of losses for certain farmers or ranchers. (Socially disadvantaged, limited resource, or beginning or veteran farmers or ranchers.)
  • Shifted coverage for death losses due to diseases caused or transmitted by a vector to the Livestock Indemnity Program (LIP).
  • Covered the cost of gathering livestock to inspect (as well as treat) for cattle tick fever.

ELAP covers losses that other Disaster Assistance Programs do not cover. These other programs include the Livestock Forage Disaster Program (LFP) and the Livestock Indemnity Program (LIP).

ELAP covers:

  • Honeybee feed, colony, and hive losses.
  • Farm-raised fish death and feed losses. The costs of hauling water to livestock due to an eligible drought.
  • Livestock feed and grazing losses that are not due to drought or wildfires on federally managed lands.
  • The cost of gathering livestock to inspect and treat them for cattle tick fever.

The Livestock Indemnity Program (LIP) covers livestock death losses (such as cattle).

General Program Requirements

Program requirements vary depending on the type of loss and whether it affected livestock, honey bees, or farm-raised fish. 

Application Process

For more details and to find out how to apply, you can read the individual fact sheets found on the ELAP page. You may also contact your local USDA Service Center or FSA office.

Last Updated: 09/11/2019